Mesothelioma

Mesothelioma

Mesothelioma is an aggressive cancer of the mesothelial cells. These cells exist in the lining that covers the outer surface of the body's organs. Mesothelioma occurs when asbestos fibers get stuck in the mesothelium, a general name for the protective lining of a person’s lungs, abdomen, or heart.

The symptoms of mesothelioma usually come as shortness of breath, difficulty breathing, pain in your chest, and the coughing up of bloody substances. These symptoms are all extremely serious, and even if they’re not mesothelioma, you should see a doctor if you have them.

There are three main locations where mesothelioma can form

Pericardial mesothelioma: It is a rare cancer for which treatment options are limited. Operative intervention in pericardial mesothelioma is primarily for effusion control, for cytoreduction before multimodal therapy, or to deliver and monitor innovative intrapericardial therapies. Misdiagnosis is common. Early detection of the disease is the only hope for survival. 

Peritoneal Mesothelioma: Mesothelioma is a tumour of the mesothelium. This is a thin lining (membrane) that covers the outer surface of most of our body’s organs. The mesothelium has different names in different parts of the body, In the tummy (abdomen) it’s called the peritoneum. Mesothelioma that starts in the peritoneum is called peritoneal mesothelioma.

Pleural Mesothelioma: Asbestos exposure is the main cause of pleural mesothelioma. The heavier the asbestos exposure and the longer a person is exposed throughout their lifetime, the higher the risk for mesothelioma.

Asbestos exposure is the main cause of pleural mesothelioma. The heavier the asbestos exposure and the longer a person is exposed throughout their lifetime, the higher the risk for mesothelioma.

Cell types of mesothelioma: Mesothelioma can be grouped according to how the cells look under a microscope. There are three main types:

  • epitheloid – this is the most common
  • sarcomatoid (fibrous)
  • mixed (biphasic) – this has both epitheloid and sarcomatoid cells.

Knowing the type of cell involved may give your doctors an idea of how well the disease will respond to treatment.

Mesothelioma Stages:

  • Stage 1: The cancer is contained to the lining of the lungs.
  • Stage 2: The cancer has begun to spread to other areas (such as nearby lymph nodes), but it is still relatively contained.
  • Stage 3: The cancer has spread far past the lung lining and into the rib cage, heart lining and lymph nodes.
  • Stage 4: By this stage, the cancer has spread to distant organs like the brain.

Mesothelioma is often diagnosed late because it’s rare and has vague symptoms. Because it often goes undetected for months or years, mesothelioma has a poor prognosis. Some people diagnosed with mesothelioma are given a life expectancy of 12-18 months. However, many people outlive their prognosis thanks to good treatment. 

Mesothelioma victims almost always win money damages if they sue, but the cases can be complicated and a mesothelioma lawyer is usually needed to identify the parties who are liable for the asbestos exposure and begin the lawsuit or settlement process.

Ways to Find the Right Mesothelioma Lawyer: 

  • Check online Lawyer Directory
  • Investigate lawyers online
  • Ask former colleagues

How to Choose the Right Mesothelioma Lawyer:

  • Check a lawyer's references
  • Interview the lawyers
  • Negotiate fees with the lawyer
  • Find out how are costs handled